What is a Removable Partial Denture?
A removable partial denture (RPD) is an appliance that replaces one or more missing teeth. It is not
cemented in the mouth and can be taken out.
What material is in a Removable Partial Denture? The framework of an RPD is made of a metal alloy
for strength. The teeth are made of white acrylic or porcelain. The teeth are attached to the metal
framework by pink acrylic which simulates gums. What are the benefits of a Removable Partial
Denture? An RPD restores function and appearance to a broken down mouth. It is usually the most
cost- effective way of replacing teeth, especially in a mouth where many teeth are missing. An RPD can
also provide important support to facial structures such as the lips; helping to maintain a more youthful
What are the risks of a Removable Partial Denture? RPD’s, even under the best of circumstances, DO
NOT have the same chewing efficiency as natural teeth. The ability to chew food depends on the
stability and retention of the dentures. Stability and retention are affected by many factors, including
the attachment of the dentures to natural teeth as well as the amount and type of bone, gums and
saliva present in the patient’s mouth.
How can an existing bite affect a Removable Partial Denture? Uneven or excessive bite forces may
cause wear and fracture of the denture teeth, denture base, denture clasps and natural teeth.
Are there any post-treatment limitations once I have a Removable Partial Denture? To keep the tissue
under the appliance healthy your RPD should be left out of your mouth during sleep. The teeth in the
RPD are not as strong as your natural teeth and you will not be able to chew as heavily on them. The
appliance will tend to get food trapped underneath it and you may have to remove and clean it after
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